Yep, In BE homeless people
are often referred to as sleeping rough
, I'd never noticed rough sleeper
as a noun before, but it's evidently quite common:
Definitions of Homelessness
Legally homeless: A household is legally homeless if either there is no accommodation that they are entitled to occupy or they have accommodation but it is not reasonable for them to continue to occupy this accommodation (see Legal Definition of Homelessness section).
Officially recognised as homeless: Those who are both legally homeless and have successfully applied to their local authority to be classified as such in the current year. A household can be legally homeless but not recognised by the state as being homeless because they have not applied to be classified as such.
Statutory homeless: Households that have been found to be eligible for assistance, unintentionally homeless and falling within a priority need group and thus owed a main homelessness duty by a local housing authority.. In 2006-07, 73,360 households were accepted as statutory homeless in England. Local Authorities made 159,330 decisions on homelessness applications.
Hidden homeless: This refers to homeless households, which may or may not have applied to local authorities for homeless status, but are not entitled to any accommodation. Crisis estimates that there are around 400,000 such 'hidden homeless' adults at any point in time.
Homelessness versus rough sleeping
Homelessness is much wider than rough sleeping; for example, whereas official figures estimate that there are around 500 people sleeping rough on any one night, around 120,000 households in England were officially recognised as being homeless under the legal definition in 2006 (see England - Trends over Time). http://www.crisis.org.uk/policywatch/pages/ab...http://www.communities.gov.uk/housing/homeles...http://www.thepavement.org.uk/
Note that the term is used to differentiate for temporary homeless persons who may not be recognised by the governement as being homeless (so they don't appear in official statistics?)