I hope you will find an expert on German grammar to help you with this. Let me do the naive native speaker part:
1c) No, you can't say that. I can't find a normal-sounding example with future tense after bevor. Even if you used future tense in the first part of the sentence, it would in my ears be followed by present tense.
1d) sounds normal.
2c) I can see what you mean, but this kind of "would" doesn't exist in German at all, certainly not as a grammatical construction. I wouldn't even be able to rephrase it, but the translators can do that, I'm sure.
2d) Sounds ok, even it's logically wrong, as you noticed.
2e) sounds wrong, first because simple past tense is very uncommon in speech. Would it be grammatically correct if you said:
2x) Ich wollte Sie nur ein bisschen schwitzen sehen, bevor ich Ihnen die Karten auf den Tisch gelegt habe.
Embarrassingly, I'm not sure. It sounds quite ok, but better with present tense. If you were telling a story from the past in first person, even then I would use present tense after bevor.