Hallo Liebes Leo-Forum,
ich bin neu hier und heiße Lisa Schramm. Ich muss nächste Woche in Englisch ein Referat halten über die "Finanzierungspolitik in der Kulturlandschaft". Muss so 8 Minuten gehen. Soll eine kurze Einleitung geben und dann sagen, was denn für den Kulturerhalt spricht.
Jetzt habe ich heute den ganzen Sonntag mal gegrübelt und versucht meinen Text aufs Englische zu übertragen. Nun ja, ich weiß dass ich da nicht gerade meine Stärken habe. Deswegen habe ich gedacht, vielleicht finde ich hier jemanden der mal kurz Korrekturlesen könnte. Dann hätte ich für mein Referat ein viel besseres Gefühl. Nicht dass ich denen noch irgend einen Mist erzähle :)
Einen schönen Sonntag wünsche ich euch allen noch
"Germany, the country of poets, philosophers and composer", culture is deemed to be a central pillar of the identity our society. There is no other country with a comparable and similar diverse offering of culture like in Germany. This also applies for our cultural historic. Whether Beethoven, Goethe or Bach, the list of our fame artist reads like a summary of the "Hall of fame" of the classical periods. But also names like Gerhard Richter or Faith Akin show, that there is also a huge cultural offering in the present. On the top of this, the infrastructure and the organization plays in a league of their own. For e.g. there is no other country with comparable skilled orchestras and also the quantity of orchestra is never seen elsewhere.
At first sight, this sound very impressive, but we know in fact that "All that glisters is not gold".
Ever since the release of the book "Der Kulturinfarkt", which was written by four cultural scientists, a heated debate about a too expensive cultural support in Germany arose. Having a closer look at countries like GBR or the USA, suggest, that those countries relying on a privately financed cultural market.
Now the question comes up: Can we afford a cultural politics like this? Should we not, like the writer are suggest, close the half of all cultural facilities? Is the German state supporting always the same and far too much? What is the sense of these policies of grants in fact about? Only the own preservation? Is it time to break with old habits?
So let's have a look at the pro and cons of the present politics of the German State.
What would be the pros of the conservation of the huge cultural diversity:
On the one hand, culture as a location factor. A particular example is the positive effect of indirect profitability. (In Germany called "Umwegrentabilität"). Studies have shown, that culture is with regard to the added value a often undervalued sector. For e.g. a study in Austria showed, that the added value of the shopping malls, the hotels and the restaurants were much higher than the grants from the state.
Another fact is, that a rich cultural offering is a improvement of the image. The Impacts of this will be very difficult to measure, but for sure will make a big difference to other countries or cities. This means also a big improvement for the living standard and the tourism. That this takes place, a country needs outstanding attractions like sights.
Another fact from huge economic importance is the positive effect on the employee market. For e.g. graduates often move to cities with a high offering of culture. This is most obvious in industries like the IT-Branch. It's also easier to recruit new employees in those areas. A "old-fashioned" and "boring" city will have its difficulties in this situation.
The location factor generate a direct economic benefit.
Another positive effect is the improvement of the educational politics. Cultural Institution can serve as a cut surface of the society and as a co-operation-partner. In addition the positive effects can also lead in a improvement of the migration and integration politics.
A reduction of the cultural offering has also the consequence of a loss of image of the country Germany. We are considered as a country of culture. The consequence to the local cultur like the bavarian culture for e.g. will also be negative. This is caused by our federalism. A cultural policie like in France is therefore not possible.
You can shurely debate about the actual finance strategy of the cultural sector. There are a range of solutions possible. One approach is going away from the high culture to a more mass funding policy. The German "Kulturrat" for e.g. takes the view, that a policy of closing the half of all institution, would be not yield results.