Re #13: Bark und bark ist also nicht dasselbe, auch wenn es so tönt. Barke kommt der Sache schon näher
Nein! Tante Wiki meint aber:
A barque, barc, or bark
is a type of sailing vessel with three or more masts having the foremasts rigged square and the aftermast rigged fore-and-aft.
William Falconer's Dictionary of the Marine defined "bark", as "a general name given to small ships: it is however peculiarly appropriated by seamen to those which carry three masts without a mizen topsail.
The word barc appears to have come from Celtic languages. The form adopted by English, perhaps from Irish, was bark, while that adopted by Latin as barca very early, which gave rise to the French barge and barque. In Latin, Spanish and Italian the term barca
refers to a small boat
, not a full-size ship. French influence in England led to the use in English of both words, although their meanings now are not the same. Well before the 19th century a barge had become interpreted as a small vessel of coastal or inland waters. Somewhat later, a bark became a sailing vessel of a distinctive rig as detailed below. http://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Barque