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# conditional regel

Comment
wann wendet man was an ich weiss das es drei formen gibt doch
habe leider kein blasser schimmer wann welche und wie gebieldet
schreibe morgen ein examen kann mir jemand helfen???
AuthorSniff_631 May 07, 08:59
Comment Do you mean English or German?
Comment Nicht in Deutsch das hab ich im bluuti mean in english, thats the problem
Comment Autsch, tut das weh? Ansonsten lies dich hier mal ein bisschen ein: http://www.ego4u.de/Die Seite finde ich nicht schlecht, wenn man Fragen hat und üben will...
Comment Claudi's link gives examples of three types, though I'm not very happy with the explanation in terms of probability. In particular "Type 1" IMO does not mean that fulfilment of the condition is very probable; it means that it is open( or real), as opposed to closed (hypothetical or unreal). "Hypothetical" does not necessarily mean unlikely; it means that the fulfilment of the condition is imagined, (relative to a previous different assumption or plan). In open conditions, the normal tense is used (e.g. past tense for past events; present for current or future events); in closed conditions, the tense is "backshifted" (e.g. the present is replaced by the past). The third type can be viewed as a special case of a closed condition. For example, take the case of a choice regarding an action in the future (i.e where English and German often use the present tense). Imagine I am going to Berlin next week and I am thinking of different means of transport. In the first case I have not made any decision and am comparing different possibilities:(1 = open, non-past) "If I go by car, it will be cheaper.Now assume that I have already booked the flight. A friend might say(2 = closed non-past) "If you went by car, it would be cheaper -- and you could take me with you." Since I have already made a decision, it is hypothetical (though it might now be very probable -- depending on the friend).The open condition referring to a past event could be used if We are talking about a friend who went to Berlin last week. (1= open past) If he went by car, he must have borrowed one.(3 = closed past) If he had gone by car, he would not have died in the plane crash.Note: "If he went . . ." can be an open condition referring to a past event or a closed condition referring to a non-past event. This backshifted use of the past tense is sometimes thought of as the subjunctive.

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