Inhaltlich habe ich das grob http://www.verbrennungsmotor.de/hp/Geschichte...
entnommen. Wie ich es dort verstehe, hat Daimler den Verbrennungsmotor ins KFZ gebracht. Mir reicht hier das grobe Bild, die Feinheiten sind sicher sehr viel komplexer.
Nun poste ich noch den korrigierten Text, falls ihn jemand verwenden möchte:
From Ford’s Tin Lizzy towards the modern car –
recent developments in the car industry
When Henry Ford brought his Model T to mass production, the guidelines for a car were quite clear. Firstly, a car had to move people or goods from A to B. Secondly, it had to be affordable. And thirdly, it had to be easy to repair.
The technology was clearly defined. Otto’s combustion engine had evolved into a modern, useable engine in the hands of Diesel and Daimler. Nobody cared about fuel consumption or protecting the environment. The combustion of fossil fuels was state of the art in those days. If you had told people that it might be possible to drive a car with alternative fuels such as hydrogen, solar power, methane or rape seed, they would have rolled on the floor laughing: “You want to run an engine with water, the sun, gas, or even flowers? Do you need it to drive back to the booby hatch?”
Padded seats and pneumatic tires were the only comfort features that customers were able to imagine. A navigation system, for example, was not imaginable – and not only for technical reasons. It simply was not necessary: the few roads that existed could easily be found on a simple road map. Speed limits did not have to be set on these roads because cars were slow both in acceleration and in top speed. Accordingly, there was no need for an invention like cruise control.
As there were not a lot of cars on the road, the number of accidents was much lower than nowadays, too. Consequently, safety devices such as crush zones, side impact protection or even safety belts were not in demand. Some developments were impossible because certain technology was lacking: anti-lock brakes or electronic stability control required significant steps in the field of electronics.
However, car producers never just followed the demands and the possibilities of the current market – they created demand and they created dreams. At automobile shows they presented futuristic concept cars which often were neither ready nor intended for mass production. These prototypes were built to test customers’ reactions, to prepare the ground for future steps, to make people dream and to construct a myth of freedom and boundlessness.(375 words)