The national power conflict between opposition groups and President Mamadou Tandja about President Tandja’s attempt to extend his mandate beyond the constitutional maximum of two terms continued. On February 18, a coup d’état was durchgeführt by a group of soldiers. The coup leaders dissolved the government and suspended the constitution that had been changed in August 2009 in order to grant President Tandja an additional three years mandate. The death of „tens of people“ during the fighting was reported. President Tandja and several ministers were arrested by the coup leaders. A Supreme Council For the Restoration (??????) of Democracy (CSRD) was eingerichtet immediately after the coup by the military junta. The CSRD is currently led by Salou Djibo, who proclaimed himself Head of State. On March 2 the military junta formed a transitional government with Mahamadou Danda as a new prime minister. On October 15, two members of the junta accused of plotting against the junta leader Salou Djibo were arrested. On November 1, a new constitution including a paragraph that guarantees amnesty to the AUTHORS of the COUP DETAT, was voted through a referendum. Elections are planned on January 31.
The conflict between Al-Qaeda in the Islamic Maghreb (AQIM) and government forces continued. On December 28, four Saudi tourists were killed in Tillaberi in western Niger. According to camel merchants, a group of smugglers and trafickers of about 30 members aimed to kidnap the Saudi tourists in order to sell them to AQIM in
return for a percentage of the ransom. On March 10, five Niger soldiers and three assailants were killed in an attack on an army base near Tiloa (north western Niger) supposedly carried out by AQIM. On April 22, a Frenchman and his Algerian driver were kidnapped in northern Niger near the Algerian border by a group supposedly allied to al-Qaeda. On September 17, five French staff members of the Areva uranium mining company and two Africans were kidnapped by AQIM.
The resources and autonomy conflict between Tuareg rebel groups and government forces deescalated. The three Tuareg rebel groups Mouvement des Nigériens pour la Justice (MNJ), Front of Forces for Rectification (FFR) and Niger Patriotic Front backed the peace process. On December 26, the last Tuareg rebels belonging to the FFR laid down their arms. On January 5, MNJ handed over its arms to the Minister of Interior, Albade Abouba, in a symbolic ceremony. On April 20, the spokesman of the MNJ, Hamed Wagaya, expressed concern about 4,000 ex-combatants who were still waiting for the socioeconomic reinsertion agreed upon in the peace accords signed with President Tandja’s government. According to Hamed Wagaya, these ex-rebels could be a source of unrest. On September 23, Tuareg groups offered to support the army in fighting Al-Qua’idah.
Côte d’Ivoire (Rebels)
Frage: BBC Niger January 5 ??? What conflict ist his??
Côte d’Ivoire (Rebels)
The national power conflict between the rebels of the New Forces (FN) and the government, led by President Laurent Gbagbo of the Ivorian Popular Front (FPI), continued. On January 10, President Gbagbo accused Robert Mambe Beugre, the chairman of the Independent Electoral Commission (CEI), of fraud and manipulation in the registration of voters. The Rally of Houphouetists for Democracy and Peace, RHDP, a party gathering four opposition parties, denounced this accusation as a strategy for further delaying elections. On February 3, one person was killed during riots in Divo. On February 12, President Gbagbo dissolved the government and the CEI, hervorrufend protests in Yamoussoukro, Bouaké and later in Daoukro, Korhogo, Daloa and Seguela. In Yamoussoukro several persons were wounded and in Daloa two persons died. On February 27, RHDP joined the transitional government and called for an end of protests. On April 30, one person was killed during a fight between NF factions in Bouaké. On July 1, the UN Security Council extended the mandate of the UN Operation in Côte d’Ivoire (ONUCI) by six months. Ivorian elections took place on October 31, supported by ONUCI and an EU Electoral Observation Mission. A second-round will pit the mehrheitshalter President Gbagbo (38 percent of votes) against Alassane Ouattara (32 percent of votes) and is to be hold on November 28.
On January 20, 5,000 ex-rebels of the New Forces were integrated in the national army. umsetzing the Ouagadougou accord on reunification of the Ivorian army.