Re #3 (discussing "thrust" used metaphorically.) Nicht dass ich wüsste. Man kann neben dem physikalischen Schub auch von Stoß(kraft) sprechen, aber mW den Begriff nicht metaphorisch gebrauchen.
"Thrust" can be used in many senses, as evidenced by M-W:
: to push or drive with force : shove
2 : to cause to enter or pierce something by or as if by pushing thrust a dagger into his heart
3 : extend, spread
4 : stab, pierce
5a : to put (someone, such as an unwilling person) forcibly into a course of action or position was thrust into the job
b : to introduce often improperly into a position : interpolate
6 : to press, force, or impose the acceptance of upon someone thrust new responsibilities upon her
1a : to force an entrance or passage
b : to push forward : press onward
c : to push upward : project
2 : to make a thrust, stab, or lunge with or as if with a pointed weapon thrust at them with a knife
Definition of thrust (Entry 2 of 2)
1a : a forward or upward push
b : a movement (as by a group of people) in a specified direction
2a : salient or essential element or meaning the thrust of the argument
b : principal concern or objective the plan's major thrust is testing— Ryan Lizza
3a : a strong continued pressure
b : the sideways force or pressure of one part of a structure against another part (as of an arch against an abutment)
c : the force produced by a propeller or by a jet or rocket engine that drives a vehicle (such as an aircraft) forward
d : a nearly horizontal geological fault
4a : a push or lunge with a pointed weapon
b(1) : a verbal attack
(2) : a military assault
The arrest of the McMichaels came two days after a graphic video of the shooting became public — thrusting the case into the national spotlight. — NBC News, "Suspect in Ahmaud Arbery killing called 911 days before about alleged trespasser," 14 May 2020
That said, there are better words to use than "thrust" in this case, I'd say.
Re #9: Exactly! Thank you.
Der obige Link erklärt die Begriffe ganz gut:
Digitization is the conversion of analog to digital, whereas digitalization is the use of digital technologies and digitized data to impact how work gets done, transform how customers and companies engage and interact, and create new (digital) revenue streams.
Digital transformation requires a much broader adoption of digital technology and cultural change. Digital transformation is more about people than it is about digital technology.