Rather belatedly, some English support for Wachtelkönig's proposal that "specific epithet" refers to more than just [bot.]:http://www.raptorresearchfoundation.org/educa...
In his system, Linnaeus gave every organism two specific names. He chose two names because there were not enough single names in any language for all the species. The first name is used to identify the organism’s genus (a group of organisms with the same characteristics). The second word is the specific epithet
, which identifies the specific kind of organism. Since a specific epithet
may be used for more than one species, both names (the genus and specific epithet
) are used to form the “scientific name” which is unique for the organism.
To see how this binomial nomenclature system works, let’s use the Bald Eagle (Haliaeetus leucocephalus
). The genus name, Haliaeetus
, comes from the root words: “hal” meaning “the sea” and “aetos” meaning “eagle.” So, the genus applies to the “sea eagles.” The specific epithet
, comes from the root words: “leuco” meaning “white” and “cephalus” meaning “head.” So, the scientific name of the bald eagle, Haliaeetus leucocephalus
, means a white-headed sea eagle.http://www.uwlax.edu/biology/communication/sp...
The scientific name (species name) of any plant, animal
, fungus, alga or bacterium consists of two Latinized words. The first word is the name of the genus to which the organism belongs. The second word is the specific epithet
or specific term of the species. Together, the genus plus the specific epithet
make up the species name.http://animaldiversity.ummz.umich.edu/site/an...
Scientific names are also designed to tell you something about the animal’s
relationships with other animals. The scientific name of each species is made up of a generic name (generic epithet) and a specific name (specific epithet
). In our bluegill sunfish example the generic epithet is Lepomis
and the specific epithet
International Code of Botanical Nomenclature (VIENNA CODE) adopted by the Seventeenth International Botanical Congress, Vienna, Austria, July 2005http://ibot.sav.sk/icbn/main.htm
23.1. The name of a species is a binary combination consisting of the name of the genus followed by a single specific epithet
in the form of an adjective, a noun in the genitive, or a word in apposition, or several words, but not a phrase name of one or more descriptive nouns and associated adjectives in the ablative (see Art. 23.6(a)), nor certain other irregularly formed designations (see Art. 23.6(c)).
International Code of Nomenclature of Bacteria: Bacteriological Code, 1990 Revision.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/books/NBK8808/
The name of a species is a binary combination consisting of the name of the genus followed by a single specific epithet