The term is used loosely to mean mutually independent or well separated. It is used to describe sets of primitives or capabilities that, like linearly independent vectors in geometry, span the entire "capability space" and are in some sense non-overlapping or mutually independent. For example, in logic, the set of operators "not" and "or" is described as orthogonal, but the set "nand", "or", and "not" is not (because any one of these can be expressed in terms of the others).
Also used loosely to mean "irrelevant to", e.g. "This may be orthogonal to the discussion, but ...", similar to "going off at a tangent".
4. (software engineering) Able to be treated separately.The content of the message should be orthogonal to the means of its delivery.
Used to describe two things that are independent of each other. One does not imply the other.Common sense and intelligence are orthogonal. I've seen plenty of smart people with no common sense.related discussion: orthogonalrelated discussion: orthogonal process
2.b. nicht von etwas beeinflusst, durch etwas bedingt, bestimmt
Beispielezwei voneinander völlig unabhängige Ereignisse