Noble gas is translated from the German noun Edelgas, first used in 1898 by Hugo Erdmann to indicate their extremely low level of reactivity. The name makes an analogy to the term "noble metals", which also have low reactivity.
The noble gases have also been referred to as inert gases, but this label is deprecated as many noble gas compounds are now known.
Rare gases is another term that was used, but this is also inaccurate because argon forms a fairly considerable part (0.94% by volume, 1.3% by mass) of the Earth's atmosphere due to decay of radioactive potassium-40.https://en.wikipedia.org/wiki/Noble_gas
The noble gases, in order of their density, are helium, neon, argon, krypton, xenon and radon. They are called noble gases because they are so majestic that, in general, they don’t react with anything. For this reason they are also known as inert gases.http://www.open.edu/openlearn/science-maths-t...