• rose of Provins [BOT.] = die Essig-Rose
NOTE: This proposal suggests CHANGES to the current LEO-entry:
• rose of Provins [BOT.] =
die Essig-Rose die Apothekerrose Pl.: die Apothekerrosen wiss.: Rosa gallica var. officinalis
* “Essig-Rose” applies to the whole species Rosa gallica & all its varieties, while “rose of Provins” very specifically only applies to the variety officinalis.
apothecary rose (plural apothecary roses)
1. A plant of an ancient cultivated variety of gallica rose, Rosa gallica var. officinalis
2. The flower of such a plant
- Rosa gallica var. officinalis (apothecary rose)
The Apothecary Rose
Rosa gallica officinalis
Three roses compete for my affections with their delicious, heady scent: the apothecary rose (Rosa gallica var. officinalis), ‘Zéphirine Drouhin’, and ‘Excellenz von Schubert’.
Rosa gallica var. officinalis is a rose intertwined with human history, a.k.a. the apothecary’s rose.
Few roses have such a well-documented and interesting background as the apothecary’s rose, botanically known as Rosa gallica var. officinalis.
Jane Eastoe, Georgianna Lane (Pavilion Books, Oct 1, 2016):
According to legend, a cultivated form of Rosa gallica – Rosa gallica var. officinalis – travelled from Syria via Damascus to France – where it was dubbed the Rose of Provins – courtesy of Thibaut of Navarre (1201–1253), who reportedly carried it back from the Crusades in his helmet.
In England, the medicinal use of this same pinkish-red rose led to it being dubbed the Apothecary’s Rose.
Rosa gallica L.
var. officinalis Thory […] – Interpreted in a broad sense, this is really the typical variety of R. gallica (see footnote). In some works it is also called Rose of Provins (e.g., by Gerard) while in France the name ‘Rosiers de Provins’ eventually came to mean all the cultivated forms of R. gallica. The name derives from Provins, a town to the south-east of Paris, in the old County of Champagne, once famous for its officinal red roses. No doubt the local soil and climate, and the traditional skills of the growers, helped to give the Provins rose its pre-eminence.
Rosa gallica var. officinalis (G)
old red damask
Rosa gallica var. officinalis (Old Red Damask)
Rosa gallica var. Officinalis, vor dem 12.Jh., Apothekerrose, wegen Heilwirkung, leuchtend karmesinrote Blüten mit gelben Staubgefäßen, Hagebutten mit hohem Vitamin C-Gehalt.
Rosa gallica Officinalis - Apothekerrose
Schon im 14. Jahrhundert wurde Rosa gallica var. Officinalis nachweislich in Provins als Apothekerrose grossflächig zu Heilzwecken angepflanzt. Daher rührt ihr Name.