GLOSE, GLOSER. See GLOZE.
GLOSS, n. [G. glosse, a gloss or comment ; glotzen, to gleam, to glimmer. In Sax. gleyan signifies to explain, to flatte, to gloze. From the Gr. γλωσσα, the tongue, and a strap, the L. has glossa, a tongue, and interpretation. In Heb. כﬥשּ signifies to shine, but from the sense of smoothness ; Syr. ??? to peel, to shave, to make bald. Whether these words are all of one family, let the reader judge. The radical sense appears to be, to open, to make clear, and the sense of tongue is probably to extend. If the first letter is a prefix, the other letters Ls are the elements of Ir. leos light, L. lustro, Eng. Luster ; and it is remarkable that in Russ. losk is luster, polish, and laskayu is to flatter. The Gr. γλωττα, in the Attic dialect, os a tongue, and in Swedish and German, glatt, Dan. glat, D. glad, is smooth.]
1. Brightness or luster of a body proceeding from a smooth surface ; as the gloss of silk ; cloth is calendered to give it a gloss.
2. A specious appearance or representation; external show that may mislead opinion.
It is no part of my secret meaning to set on the face of this cause any fairer gloss than the naked truth does afford. Hooker.
3. An Interpretation artfully specious. Sidney.
4. Interpretation ; comment ; explanation ; remark intended to illustrate a subject.
All this, whithout a gloss or comment,
He would unriddle in a moment.Hudibras.
Explaining the text in short glosses. Baker.
5. A literal translation. Encyc.
GLOSS, v.t. To give a superficial luster to ; make smooth and shining ; as, to gloss cloth by the calender ; to gloss mahogany.
2. To explain ; to render clear and evident by comments; to illustrate.
3. To give a specious appearance to; to render specious and plausible; to palliate by specious representation.
You have the art to gloss the foulest cause. Philips.
GLOSS, v.i. To comment; to write or make explanatory remarks. Dryden.
2. To make sly remarks. Prior.
GLOSSED, pp. Made smooth and shining[;] explained.
GLOSSER, n. A writer of glosses; a scholiast ; a commentator.
2. A polisher; one who gives a luster.
GLOSSINESS, n. [from glossy.] The luster or brightness of a smooth surface. Boyle.
GLOSSING, ppr. Giving luster to; polishing; explaining by comments; giving specious appearance.
GLOSSY, a. Smooth and shining; reflecting luster from a smooth surface, highly polished; as glossy silk; a glossy raven; glossy plum. Dryden.
GLOZE, v.i. [Sax. gleyan. See Gloss.]
To flatter ; to wheedle ; to fawn ; that is, to smooth, or to talk smoothly.
So glozed the tempter, and his proem tun'd. Milton.
A false glozing parasite. South.
GLOZE, n. Flattery ; adulation. Shak.
2. Specious show ; gloss. [Not used. See Gloss.] Sidney.
GLOZER, n. A flatterer. Gifford.
GLOZING, n. Specious representation. Mountagu.
Quelle: A Dictionary of the English Language, by Noah Webster (New York 1828). Vol. 1 (London 1832)
§§ to gloze something
Gloss, Gloze.‒An explanation of a difficult or doubtful passage or word.
But Bp. Symon Patrick (1667) glozes the word as “ meaning those of bread and wine ” ; …
Quelle: The Churchman's Glossary of Ecclesiastical Terms, by Edward Godfrey Cuthbert Frederic Atchley, Edward Gerald Penfold Wyatt (A.R. Mowbray & Company, 1923)
The partisan editorial writer habitually lies to his readers. He glozes the faults of his own political friends, and misrepresents the failings, real and imaginary, of his adversaries. The partisan editor, whatever he may himself think, never by any chance permits his readers to learn the whole truth.
Quelle: The Newsdealer. Volume 1 (1890)
A woman, on the other hand, seldom recognises when she is in love ; she may be very far gone, plunged beyond hope of recovery, and yet not know it ; and even when she may suspect where she is, she clouds, obfuscates, or glozes the fact to herself, and calls it something else‒until the man speaks, and then !‒‒‒
Quelle: Chambers's Journal of Popular Literature. (W. & R. Chambers, 1893)
It was to be observed that no speaker attempted to gloze the fact that they considered “ Principles ” to be abstractions and that the sphere from which they were abstracted and divorced was that of practical affairs. They all implied that principles where not for use:
Although in the one case the emotions are held to be too ineffably high to admit of description and definement, while in the other they are too unspeakably low, this merely glozes the fact that it is a shortage of understanding which gives both species of emotion their transcendental and particularly their uncontrollable characteristics.
It is to be noted that the term status appears where we should have expected description ; within the formula takes the place of perceived ; and non-existent the place of no-thing. What is the purpose of these changes? Apparently so to soften and gloze the argument that Berkeley's conception, the “ Mind of God,” will be enabled to effect an entry.
Quelle: The Egoist: An Individualist Review. Volume 1.
Dora Marsden, Harriet Shaw Weaver
(Proprietors The New Freewoman, 1967)
Of course, Canon Mason glozes the harshness of his demands with smooth phrases.
Quelle: The Presbyterian and Reformed Review, Band 8
Benjamin Breckinridge Warfield
(Anson D.F. Randolph, 1897)
… and in his notice of Patrick Sellar he glozes the oppression involved in the Sutherland evictions; while Mr. Pollard omits to say that W. D. Selby's death was caused by the bad drainage of the Record Office, which the Office of Work neglected to amend till too late.
Quelle: The Athenaeum. J. Lection (1897)
Stewart of Garth, anxious to say everything possible in favour of the Highlanders generally, glozes the facts when he tells us the men of the 77th …
Quelle: Aberdeen University Studies, Ausgabe 68 (1914)
The former is too often exaggerated out of all proportion to the reality by the unrestrained tongue, while the latter, though often hiding the hideousness of ravines, and the inaccessibility of mountains or abysmal depths, glozes the whole with grace, flowing contours, and smooth lines.
Quelle: In Darkest Africa, by Henry M. Stanley (1891)
the amateurishness of the second make otherwise witty cartoons look unsympathetic, flat, and—well—to my mind, ugly.
. Yet it is impossible to miss the fact that Max glozes the native ugliness of some of his victims and conceals …
Quelle: The New Age (1914)
Humphrey House dismisses this part of the Prefatory Note as a farrago of "verbose and stumbling half-confessions, half-concealments, where not even a suspicion of falsehood glozes the middle."
Quelle: Tulane Studies in English, Band 11 (Tulane Univ., 1961)
I was wearing,' Miss Davis glozes the story, 'a navy-and-white checked dinner dress. ... It was very simple and very expensive.' The films which did suit Miss Davis were, of course, strong stuff —
Quelle: London Magazine, Band 3 (1963); John Lehmann, Alan Ross (eds)
§§ to gloze something over
Is the ordinary member of Parliament a trustee for his constituents, for the island, for the Empire, or for the world ? From his speeches in the House of Commons it would often be difficult to guess. He habitually glozes the matter over. Yet test him by any foreign or imperial matter, and you will find in nine cases out of ten that, from the answer which he might give but has not given as to the geographical area whose interests he represents, the rest of his argument follows as a matter of course.
Quelle: Hibbert Journal: A Quarterly of Religion (George Allen & Unwin, 1920)
§§ to gloze someone
Duke : Come, shall we go and slay the Chancellor
In his own lair, like bandits in the bush,
While he with smooth and specious utterance
Glozes the fat and greasy citizens ?
Quelle: New Statesman, Band 41 (Statesman and Nation Publishing Co., 1951)
For … no one whom the religious stir and tumult … hath brought conspicuously before the church, hath so strenuously served her best interests …, as doth the man who … detected and dragged to light the false reports concerning the state of religion on the Continent, with which the Bible Society, in its palmy times, had glozed the charitable ear of the church ; …
Quelle: Sermons, lectures, and occasional discourses, by the Rev. Edward Irving, M.A. Vol. 3. (London 1828)
§§ to gloze
Thee all things living gaze on, all things thine
By gift, and thy celestial beauty adore
With ravishment beheld ! there best beheld,
Where universally admired; but here
In this enclosure wild, these beasts among,
Beholders rude, and shallow to discern
Half what in thee is fair, one man except,
Who sees thee? (and what is one?) who should be seen
A Goddess among Gods, adored and served
By Angels numberless, thy daily train.
So glozed the Tempter, and his proem tuned:
Into the heart of Eve his words made way,
Though at the voice much marveling; at length,
Not unamazed, she thus in answer spake.
Quelle: Paradise Lost. The 2nd Volume, by John Milton (London 1822)
Übersetzung des obigen Passus:
Dich staunen alle Creaturen an,
Und alle Dinge, die durch Schenkung Dein,
Sie beten Deine Himmelsanmuth an,
Die sie entzückt beschaun; jedoch am besten
Beschaut, wo die Bewundrung allgemeiner
Und reicher ist; hier in der Einsamkeit
Der Wildniß unter Thieren, diesen rohen
Beschauern, welche zu beschränkt geschaffen,
Als daß sie halb erkennten Deine Schönheit,
Wer sieht Dich jemals, als ein einziger Mann?
Und was ist Einer? unter Göttern solltest
Als Göttin Du betrachtet, und von Engeln
Täglich bedient und angebetet werden.«
So schmeichelt der Versucher und begann
Die Einleitung, die sich in Eva's Herz
Bahn brach, obwol sie sich verwunderte;
Zuletzt, nicht unerstaunt, entgegnet sie:
Quelle: John Milton nach der Übers. v. Adolf Böttger: Das verlorene Paradies (1846)
§§ to gloze to someone
Those modern Romanists, who come into contact with scriptural Protestantism, are wont to assert: that … the Ultimate Worship of the Cross is but the Ultimate Worship of the Incarnate Deity who was crucified.
Thus, for instance, complacently glozes the Bishop of Strasbourg to the english laic, whom he is attempting to proselyte. But, even to say nothing of the total want of authority, either scriptural or primitive, for such vain notions and performances: how stands the matter, in respect to the fact of naked actual practice ?
Quelle: The Difficulties of Romanism in Respect to Evidence, Or, The Peculiarities of the Latin Church Evinced to be Untenable on the Principles of Legitimate Historical Testimony, by George Stanley Faber, B.D.
(3rd ed. London 1853)