In all these entries, the most frequently used term in English is still missing -- this condition is most commonly referred to as "clubbing
" - "finger clubbing" or "digital clubbing" or "clubbing of the fingers/nails"
A condition in which the ends of the fingers and toes are enlarged and the nails are shiny and abnormally curved.”http://www.answers.com/clubbing&r=67
Dorland’s Illustrated Medical Dictionary:clubbing
a deformity produced by proliferation of the soft tissues about the terminal phalanges of the fingers or toes, with no constant osseous changes; seen in various types of chronic disease of the thoracic organs. Cf. clubbed finger.http://www.mercksource.com/pp/us/cns/cns_hl_d...
of the Nails
Synonyms and related keywords: hippocratic nails, hippocratic fingers, acropachy, dysacromelia, Trommelschlegelfinger, clubbing, digital clubbing, finger clubbing
Since Hippocrates first described digital clubbing
in patients with empyema, digital clubbing
has been associated with various underlying pulmonary, cardiovascular, neoplastic, infectious, hepatobiliary, mediastinal, endocrine, and gastrointestinal diseases. Finger clubbing
also may occur, without evident underlying disease, as an idiopathic form or as a Mendelian dominant trait. Clubbing
is a clinically descriptive term, referring to the bulbous uniform swelling of the soft tissue of the terminal phalanx of a digit with subsequent loss of the normal angle between the nail and the nail bed.http://www.emedicine.com/derm/topic780.htm
"finger clubbing Clubbing
is an increase in the soft tissue of the distal part of the fingers or toes. Its causes are varied, the mechanism unknown."http://www.gpnotebook.co.uk/cache/543883303.htm
" is not absolutely identical to a "clubbed finger
" – the former has osseous changes in the phalanges, the latter no constant bony changes, but the terms have been used synonymously in the past, even though “hippocratic finger” is hardly used these days (almost obsolete? – usually only found in dictionary definitions and mentioned as a synonym, but of historical interest).
An obsolete term for clubbed digits or fingers.
A condition which describes the broadening or thickening of the tips of the fingers (and toes) with increased lengthwise curvature of the nail and a decrease in the angle normally seen between the cuticle and the fingernail.
Often this finding on physical examination can be quite subtle and easily overlooked. Clubbing
may be seen in a wide variety of conditions - most of which result in a decrease in blood oxygen.
Examples include: tetralogy of Fallot, transposition of the great vessels, atrial myxomas, cystic fibrosis, emphysema, lung cancer, tuberculosis, cystic fibrosis, bronchiectasis, Hodgkin's disease, cirrhosis, chronic active hepatitis and Crohn's disease.
This finding will generally provoke a more detailed patient evaluation." http://cancerweb.ncl.ac.uk/cgi-bin/omd?clubbing
It would not be fair to count all the Google hits for “clubbing” because this includes other meanings of the word :-) but just to give an indication of the frequency of use:
36,000 for "digital clubbing"
32,900 for "finger clubbing".
20,400 for "clubbing of the fingers".
9,280 for "clubbed fingers".
1,140 for "clubbed finger"
852 for "hippocratic fingers"
266 for "hippocratic finger"