As with any criminal law matter, it is best to start with the actual wording of the statute defines the offense, in this case s. 252 of the Criminal Code, entitled “Failure to stop at scene of accident”:
“Every person commits an offence who has the care, charge or control of a vehicle, vessel or aircraft that is involved in an accident with another person, a vehicle, vessel or aircraft, or in the case of a vehicle, cattle in the charge of another person, and with intent to escape civil or criminal liability fails to stop the vehicle, vessel or, if possible, the aircraft, give his or her name and address and, where any person has been injured or appears to require assistance, offer assistance.”http://stason.org/articles/life/justice/cycli...
"This issue was reviewed in a fascinating decision by Mr. Justice Maczko in Regina v Chase, an appeal from a criminal conviction.
The starting point in the analysis is the criminal code which provides:
Failure to stop at a scene of accident
252. (1) Every person commits an offence who has ..."http://www.cps.gov.uk/legal/section9/chapter_...
Code for Crown Prosecutors - public interest considerations
Failing to stop/report an accident
Definition [Wilkinson's 21st edition 7.04 and A 25.240]
Section 170(2) of the Road Traffic act 1988 provides that the driver of the motor vehicle must stop and, if required to do so by any person having reasonable grounds for so requiring, give his name and address, the name and address of the owner of the vehicle and the identification marks of the vehicle. The duty to stop means to stop sufficiently long enough to exchange the particulars above: (Lee -v- Knapp 1966 3 All ER 961).
Section 170(3) places an obligation on the driver, if he does not give his name and address under subsection (2) above, to report the accident to a police constable or police station as soon as reasonably practicable and in any case within 24 hours. The duty to report means "as soon as reasonably practicable": (Bulman -v-Bennett 1974 RTR). It does not mean the driver has 24 hours within which to report the collision.
When the evidence reveals a failure to comply with both subsections (2) and (3), proceedings should be brought for both offences. The failure to stop is usually viewed as the more serious of the two.http://news.bbc.co.uk/2/hi/uk_news/england/so...
"The Algerian, an illegal immigrant, pleaded guilty to leaving the scene of an accident, failing to report an accident, having no insurance or tax and using a false passport. "