[Zur Verdeutlichung habe ich bestimmte Wörter abweichend vom Original fett gedruckt:]
"The Mouth ... The Vestibule ... bounded ... internally by the gums
The inner surface of each
lip is connected in the middle line to the corresponding gum
by a fold of mucous membrane ...
consists of three portions: the crown, projecting above the gum
; the root, imbedded in the alveolus; and the neck, the constricted portion between the crown and root. ...
This latter layer, however, soon disappears on the emergence of the tooth
beyond the gum
Gray's Anatomy http://education.yahoo.com/reference/gray/sub...
: ... B cross section of a molar: 1 enamel, 2 dentin, 3 dental pulp, 4 cementum, 5 gum
Merriam-Webster's Medical Dictionary http://medical.merriam-webster.com/mw/art/med...
"gum ... in anatomy, connective tissue covered with mucous membrane, attached to and surrounding the necks of the teeth and adjacent alveolar bone. Before the erupting teeth enter the mouth cavity, gum pads develop; these are slight elevations of the overlying oral mucous membrane. When tooth eruption is complete, the gum
embraces the neck region of each tooth
. As well as being attached to adjacent alveolar bone, gum
is connected to the cement of each tooth
and to the tooth enamel.
are pink, stippled, and tough and have a limited sensibility to pain, temperature, and pressure. The gums are separated from the alveolar mucosa, which is red, by a scalloped line that approximately follows the contours of the teeth
. The edges of the gums
around the teeth
are free and extend as small wedges into the spaces between the teeth (interdental papillae). ..."
Encyclopædia Britannica http://www.britannica.com/EBchecked/topic/249...
"A healthy tooth
in a healthy gum
and healthy mouth is fairly secure. The roots are firmly embedded in bone and the gum
firmly encases the tooth
, leaving only the resistant enamel exposed to any debris and bacteria that saliva has not flushed away. ... However, once inflammation causes the gums
to recede from the teeth
Phillips, Bartold (South Australia): Dental problems in diabetes - Add a dentist to the diabetes team; Australian Family Physician Vol 37, (7) 537-539 http://www.racgp.org.au/Content/NavigationMen...
"In gingivitis, the inflamed gums
bleed easily with brushing or flossing; ... Pericoronitis results when food particles become trapped under the gum
of an impacted tooth
Nguyen, Martin (California): Common dental infections in the primary care setting; American Family Physician. 2008 Mar 15;77(6):797-802.http://www.ncbi.nlm.nih.gov/pubmed/18386594?o...